Bacterial plaque: Bacterial plaque is a sticky, almost invisible film which forms on teeth. Plaque is a growing colony of living bacteria. It also contains food debris, saliva and a little bit of all of the chemicals which pass through the mouth. The bacteria of plaque produce toxins or poisons which inflame the gums. This inflammation is the start of periodontal disease. If plaque is not removed daily and properly, it becomes calculus or tartar. This is a hard crust with a rough surface which can only be removed by a dental professional. No toothbrush, dental floss or other home dental device can ever remove calculus or tartar!! If not removed timely, periodontal disease is certain to follow.
Periodontitis is the stage of periodontal disease, more advanced than gingivitis, characterized by bone loss, tooth mobility and destruction of the narrow band of tissue which attaches to the bone. “Perio” means ‘around’; “dontal” means ‘tooth’; “itis” always means ‘inflammation.’ Periodontitis is the inflammation of the tissues around the teeth.